Search by tag «Medicine» 44 results
Discussions at this year’s St. Petersburg International Economic Forum often revolve around the development of technology, its effect on future economy, and the increasing role of scientists in the matter. Experts discussed the transformation of medicine, humanity’s destructive effect on nature, cybersecurity, digitization of production and what new educational methods will need to be developed to train new kinds of specialists.
An international research team has developed a new animal model used to study the pathogenesis of the Zika virus. Scientists were able to make the disease develop in mice in a way that is similar to what happens in humans. The new model reflects the most dangerous manifestation of the Zika virus: infection of the fetus from a pregnant woman, which leads to developmental problems. Such an advancement was achieved due to a new, more pathogenic virus strain, as well as a specially bred group of mice with a human-like immune response. The new model paves the way for more detailed study of the Zika virus, which should result in a more effective fight against it. The research is published in Cell Host & Microbe.
Can computer modeling help us solve problems of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases? Scientists from ITMO University in collaboration with colleagues from the Netherlands and the United Kingdom have been conducting research over the last few years to reduce the risk of complications after coronary stenting. These stents are special dilating frames that are placed in the coronary vessels and are designed to restore blood supply to the heart. Pavel Zun - a PhD student at ITMO University’s The High-Performance Computing Department and one of the project’s authors - spent the last month at the University of Sheffield, where he worked with biologists on a model for tissue growth inside the vessel after the stent is installed. He shared some details about the research with ITMO.NEWS and explained why design of computer models for medicine is one of today’s most promising areas of work.
Targeted delivery of medicine and genetic material to cells and tissue can be solved using micro- and nanoparticles of various types. Research in this field tends to be interdisciplinary and calls for collaboration between biologists, chemists and physicists. Mikhail Zyuzin, a postdoctoral researcher at ITMO University’s Faculty of Physics and Engineering, is working with colleagues from Russia and abroad to develop new methods of targeted drug delivery. He spoke with ITMO.NEWS about his research and working with other scientists.
Scientists from ITMO University have developed magnetically-driven nanoparticles containing thrombin. A drug based on these nanoparticles can be injected intravenously and delivered straight to the site of a vascular injury to stop internal bleeding. It can accelerate local clot formation and reduce overall blood loss by up to 15 times. The nanoparticles are not toxic to humans and can potentially be used for safe treatment. The results were published in Scientific Reports.
Scientists from ITMO University created a high-speed video capillaroscopy system that enables direct measurement of red blood cell velocity. Coupled with sophisticated software, the system can raise the accuracy of vascular condition assessment. Such a system can come in useful for monitoring how efficient certain therapies are. The results of the research were published in Optics and Engineering.
Today Artem Oganov is rightly considered one of the most famous Russian scientists of the new generation. Oganov is a theoretical crystallographer and the creator of a number of new materials – as well as methods of discovering them. A few years ago he solved the problem of predicting the crystal structure of a substance based on its chemical composition. This problem was for long considered to be unsolvable. Oganov created software capable of predicting stable chemical compounds based on a set of initial elements. His discoveries are so impressive that many consider him one of the likely candidates for the Nobel Prize in the next few years. Having worked abroad for 17 years - in England, Switzerland and the United States - at 37 he decided to return to Russia, where he became a professor of Skoltech and headed the Laboratory of Computer Design of Materials at MIPT. During an open lecture at ITMO University, Oganov spoke about his career abroad, his return home, materials of the future and creation of an evolutionary mechanism for predicting substance structures, which proves that even in well-known areas of chemistry there are still many "blind spots". Main points of the event - in this article by ITMO.NEWS.
Why is it necessary to use a different approach when forming and developing teams for high-tech companies, and why don’t the methods of traditional business work? Tatiana Tangisheva, head of personnel development at the biotechnology company BIOCAD came to ITMO to conduct a workshop on the specifics of managing and working with employees in innovative companies and the top international practices. The “Team Management in Innovative Companies. Motivating Members of Creative and Intellectual Teams” workshop was held at ITMO’s Faculty of Technological Management and Innovations.
According to Watson Health, a subdivision of IBM, the amount of data generated by each patient throughout his life exceeds 1000 terabytes. Yet, how can we store this data, effectively manage it as part of a common medical system, and what's most important, is the Russian healthcare system ready for a countrywide introduction of information technologies? The Federal Almazov North-West Medical Research Centre has a medical information system that makes use of an experimental decision support system developed by ITMO University, and the country’s Federal Telemedicine Center has the opportunities to provide remote consultations to more than 5,000 patients a year, as well as training to medical specialists all over Russia. During a recent tour of the Almazov North-West Medical Research Centre, ITMO's Master's students learned about the modern medical information systems (MIS), the prospects of their applications, and the software that medical specialists will need in the future. ITMO.NEWS shares about the novelties of one of Russia's most advanced medical research centers.
A project by scientists from ITMO’s Department of Nanophotonics and Metamaterials that aims to improve the speed and quality of MRI scanning has won the first place in a competition for innovative projects in science and higher education. The competition was organized by the administration of St. Petersburg. Winners were announced at the St. Petersburg International Innovation Forum (SPIIF). The scientists’ invention shortens the time needed to perform an MRI scan by half and makes it cheaper.