Search by tag «Research Paper» 9 results

  • ITMO Scientists Achieve Record-Breaking Efficiency of Terahertz Radiation in Liquids

    Physicists from ITMO University have improved the method of converting optical radiation into terahertz radiation using a liquid, which until recently was thought of as unpromising. Nevertheless, the achieved efficiency of the conversion in such a medium is a record-breaking 0.1%. It’s a proven fact that terahertz radiation, unlike X-radiation, is harmless and can be used in medicine, security systems, ecological monitoring, analysis of art objects, and in the food industry. A research paper on the subject was published in the Communications Physics journal. This research is supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (RSF).


  • Research Team from ITMO University, St. Petersburg State University, and Nova Southeastern University Is the First to Sequence the Genome of Moss Animals

    Moss animals (Bryozoa) are a source of bryostatin, a promising material to be used in medicine. However, the genome of these species hasn’t been analyzed until now. The research has been published in Scientific Data. 


  • ITMO Chemists Created a New Functional Material for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Potential Use

    The new substance luminesces in the visible area and contains radicals in its structure. Research work continues, but the first results have already been published in Chemistry: The European Journal.


  • ITMO Scientists Develop an Algorithm That Makes the Inference of Population History Models for People and Animals Easier and More Accurate

    Bioinformatics scientists from ITMO University have developed a software tool, which quickly and effectively analyses genome data to infer probable models of demographic history of specific species, such as plants, animals or humans. Using complex calculations, the software can suggest with a very high degree of probability the course of history of a particular group of living organisms.  This includes identification of periods with mass extinction or mass population growth and information about contacts with other populations of the same species in the past. The scientists’ article about this methodology has been published in the journal Giga Science.


  • St. Petersburg Scientists Propose a Technology That Can Reduce the Cost of High-Efficiency Solar Cells

    A group of St. Petersburg scientists has proposed and experimentally tested a technology for the fabrication of high-efficiency solar cells based on A3B5 semiconductors integrated on a silicon substrate, which in the future may increase the efficiency of the existing single-junction photovoltaic converters by 1.5 times. The development of the technology was forecasted by the Nobel Laureate Zhores Alferov. The results have been published in the journal Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells.


  • Scientists Propose an Inkjet Printing Technology for Battery Elements to Make Them Compact and Flexible

    A group of St. Petersburg scientists has proposed a new method of manufacturing electrodes for lithium-ion batteries that power laptops, smartphones and tablets. The researchers have shown that these elements can be printed on an inkjet printer, which will reduce the electrodes’ thickness by 10–20 times and open up new opportunities for manufacturers of compact electronics. Their article has been published in the journal Energy Technology.


  • Scientists Studied Hybrid Nanoparticles Capable of Generating Broadband Radiation

    An international group of scientists from Russia, Germany and France, including those from ITMO University, conducted a large research at the intersection of materials science and photonics. The research is dedicated to the study of a hybrid nanostructure, a plasmonic golden sponge (Au), the pores of which are filled with crystalline silicon (Si). The peculiarity of this material is that when excited by a laser beam, nanostructures generate broadband radiation which covers the visible range of the spectrum and partially the near-infrared range. The hybrid nanostructure can be used in broadband near-field microscopy. The results of the research and its application prospects have been published in the Nanoscale journal.


  • Russian and Swedish Scientists Work Together on New Biomedical Product

    ITMO University scientists in collaboration with their colleagues from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU University), Uppsala, Sweden, have developed biocomposites made of proteins based on natural spider silk and optically active nanoparticles. What is remarkable about the new material is that it combines the properties of natural silk fiber and synthetic particles. The biocomposite has unique mechanical characteristics and can give a detectable optical response when exposed to infrared radiation, which makes it a potential candidate for biomedical applications. This article was published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.


  • What’s the Commotion? ITMO Scientists Discover How Obstacles Change Crowd Dynamics

    An international group of scientists from ITMO University, University of Amsterdam, and Indian Institute of Science continue their pioneering research on crowd behavior. Based on data collected in the aftermath of the 2016 Indian religious festival Kumbh Mela, which lasted for two months and gathered more than 65 millions of pilgrims, the scientists have conducted a comprehensive analysis of how different types of obstacles impacted the flow of human crowds. The festival’s main venue attracting the largest number of pilgrims, the Mahakal Temple was chosen as a case example. Research findings were published in the Journal of Computational Science. The project was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation as part of ‘Strategic research areas for Russia’s science and technology sector’ 2014-2020 federal target program.