ITMO in Media
Scientists of Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) in partnership with colleagues from ITMO University, and universities in Germany, Japan, and Australia, have developed a method for precise, fast and high-quality laser processing of halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3), promising light-emitting materials for solar energy, optical electronics, and metamaterials. Structured by very short laser pulses (femtosecond laser) perovskites turned out to be functional nanoelements marked by unprecedented quality.
St. Petersburg-based ITMO University traces its history back to 1900 when the Prince Nicholas Vocational School started to train specialists in Mechanics, Optics and Watchmaking. A lot has happened since then, and today, the university is mainly known for producing world-class IT professionals. The university has a number of international Master’s programs, many of which are held jointly with partner universities from other countries. You can choose from double degree programs (like “Robotics” or “Bioengineering and Biotechnical Systems”) or study only in Russia, majoring in “Chemistry of Applied Materials” or “Art & Science” – the choice is up to you.
A group of Russian scientists have synthesized manganese–zinc ferrite nanoparticles that can potentially be used in cancer treatment. Due to their unique magnetic properties, the particles can serve as deactivators of affected cells while having almost no negative impact on healthy tissues. "When the Curie temperature is reached, a ferromagnetic changes into a paramagnetic, consequently the particles cease to be as susceptible to the magnetic field and their further heating stops," explains Vasilii Balanov, a Master's student at ITMO University and one of the research's authors.
Optimizing fiber networks; smartphone diagnostic lab; printed cathodes
Researchers from ITMO University, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, and the Ioffe Institute developed a cathode for lithium-ion batteries that can be printed with an inkjet printer. This would allow the cathode thickness to be greatly reduced, making for thinner and lighter batteries that could be stacked in a laptop or tablet. “We’ve developed the ink for inkjet printing of the cathode material,” said Denis Kolchanov, a PhD student at ITMO’s SCAMT Laboratory.
Global Education Times (UK)
In November last year, we had reported that Russia wants to attract more than 7,000 foreign students to its universities by 2021 in order to develop the country’s digital literacy. It is anticipated that this move could help make Russia more attractive to international students. Speaking to Global Education Times, Fatimat Karashaeva, Head of Foreign Faculty Support Centre at one of Russia’s leading technological institutions ITMO University, said that she believes with the introduction of this law, it will help international students integrate into the life of their cities, experience a variety of roles, and take on interesting jobs. When asked about the impact of this law, ITMO University’s Karashaeva told GET News: “We hope that this new law will help our students to find work in their future professions and prepare them for their careers after university. This is a great opportunity which will give much freedom and independence to our students.
IEEE Spectrum (USA, India)
Scientists in Russia say their technology could theoretically double the efficiency of silicon solar cells. The latest development in that effort comes from researchers in St. Petersburg, Russia. The group recently created a tiny prototype of a high-efficiency solar cell using gallium phosphide and nitrogen. If successful, the cells could nearly double today’s efficiency rates—that is, the degree to which incoming solar energy is converted into electrical power. The new approach could theoretically achieve efficiencies of up to 45 percent, the scientists said. By contrast, conventional silicon cells are typically less than 20 percent efficient. “Silicon is a very cheap material and it’s well developed, but it’s not highly efficient,” said Ivan Mukhin, a researcher at ITMO University and a lab director at St. Petersburg Academic University. “If we can improve efficiency, you can lower the price of producing solar cells… and help reduce the price of producing energy.”
QS WOW News
Researchers from ITMO University’s Metalab and the Australian National University have collaborated to develop a controlled light source based on nanodiamond. Experiments have demonstrated that a diamond shell can double the emission speed of light sources and help to control them without any additional nano- and microstructures. This was achieved by artificially creating defects in a diamond crystal lattice. These results are crucial for the development of quantum computers and optical networks.
Moscow is starting to put financial and logistical muscle behind its efforts to develop artificial intelligence
Russia is adding details, deadlines, and dedicated funding to its draft national roadmap for the development of artificial intelligence technologies, and expects to release the final version in mid-year.
The roadmap “provides for the creation of a list of projects that will help identify and remove barriers to the development of end-to-end technologies, as well as predict the market demand for artificial intelligence in the country,” as state media put it in October. Moreover, the new document will form a cornerstone of the larger Digital Technologies national program.
The new Digital Technologies plan seems to originate from the civilian part of government — its authors include such institutions as the Institute for System Programming of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Speech Technology Center, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, ITMO University, Russian Venture Company, Rosatom, and MTC, Russia’s largest mobile operator.
Among the consequences of insufficient and poor-quality sleep are direct effects on health and bodily systems. It has also been shown that disturbed sleep is associated with erectile dysfunction. However, how sleep disturbances affect the androgen level, but which sleep stages are most important for their secretion and release is largely unknown. This was studied by a group of researchers that included Yu. V. Ukraintseva from the Russian Academy of Sciences and ITMO University.
Russian national operator Rostelecom has completed the first stage of testing of equipment for quantum communications on its network. The tests have confirmed the possibility of using quantum key distribution on Rostelecom's existing infrastructure. They were carried out in cooperation with St Petersburg's ITMO University and the Moscow technology park Skolkovo.