Search by tag «Medicine» 85 results
In today’s science digest, it’s all about interdisciplinarity: whether it’s physics combined with biology, biology with medicine, or medicine with chemistry, we’ll be shining a light on the remarkable things that happen when scientists of all fields work together for a common good. Let’s have a look!
Researchers from ITMO University have created a multipurpose robot complex for laser treatment of medical device surfaces, like those of dental and skull implants. The designed technology can be utilized to imbue metal implants with antibacterial and biocompatible properties, as well as mark medical items. All one needs to do is load a 3D model of an implant into a program, set a processing trajectory, and pick a surface attribute of choice.
Twice a month, we invite you to take in the latest breakthroughs and successes of ITMO University’s students and scientists. Today, we’ve got plenty of research updates to share – as well as a couple of impressive success stories from our industrious graduates!
Despite the fact that one in every seven people worldwide experiences migraines, their exact mechanisms and treatment have not been completely explained. In pursuit of a cure, researchers use nitroglycerin injections to simulate migraines in animals. Though commonly known as a vasodilator, the drug has exhibited inverse properties in a recent study conducted by three Russian universities. The findings shed light on migraine triggers, paving the way for novel treatment strategies.
The staff and students of ITMO’s Research Center “Strong AI in Industry” have come up with an algorithm that can tell if an ECG recording displays symptoms of a heart attack – all in one second. Trained on over 20,000 ECGs, the model is accurate in 85% of cases and can immediately highlight those parts of the recording that can be associated with a heart attack.
Students from ITMO University have developed a machine learning-based algorithm for detecting lung tumors on computed tomography (CT) scans. Trained on over 10,000 public-domain images, the model proved to generate results in 0.38 seconds. As noted by the developers, the technology may assist in online medical consultations to facilitate diagnostics.
Artem Amosov is a recent graduate of ITMO’s Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Master’s program who is dreaming of doing omics research – studies at the intersection of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. In this interview, we talk about the projects he ventures into at ITMO’s Institute of Applied Computer Science and the importance of additional training for professional researchers.
As part of the nationwide educational program Aerospace Engineering School, a team of ITMO students has sent a satellite into the stratosphere to find out how bone tissue is formed in low gravity and what effect silk proteins may have on the process. Potentially, the study may help prevent osteoporosis in astronauts.
It’s been a while since our latest digest of all things science at ITMO – so strap in for an extra-packed edition! From staggering medical breakthroughs to a whole slew of new Master’s programs, there’s plenty to get you excited about the future of research.
As a central component of the human immune system, mononuclear phagocytes defend the body by absorbing bacteria, viruses, and dead or damaged cells, thus fighting off infections and helping build immunity. Researchers from ITMO University, together with their colleagues from the Immunological Genome Project (ImmGen), have devised a specialized resource to study mononuclear phagocytes and a novel method for gene expression analysis. Featured in Cell Reports, the results of their work may potentially break the ground for new ways to treat metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and cancer.