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Yesterday was all about space exploration as we celebrated Cosmonautics Day in Russia. It’s hard to imagine, but despite venturing far out into space, we still don’t know nearly enough about the inhabitants of the Earth’s oceans and especially at their deepest levels. There, in constantly reigning darkness an enigmatic world uncurls in slow motion. How can cutting-edge research in AI and robotics help explore this world? Read on to find out.
The National Center for Cognitive Research and the Institute of Design & Urban Studies decided to ask the residents of St. Petersburg to evaluate their satisfaction with living conditions in the city. The survey will show what venues and services the residents would like to see in different districts and will help urbanists make the infrastructure more convenient and functional.
The proposed model allows researchers to understand how certain substances can influence the formation and development of bone cells. This knowledge is useful both in fundamental biological research and in the creation of new ways to prevent osteoporosis and other diseases. Moreover, the model can be used to design smart wound-healing materials.
Last fall, ITMO University initiated a unique educational project at the intersection of history, art, tech and natural sciences. TECHNOHISTORY was developed by the staff of ITMO’s Center of Social and Humanities Knowledge to popularize interdisciplinary research among students.
ITMO and Almazov National Medical Research Centre Researchers Study The Effect of Gaming On the Human Brain
Pavel Tikhonov and Mikhail Zubkov, researchers from ITMO’s Faculty of Physics and Engineering are working on a project that uses functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the brains of people who spend 20 to 30 hours a week gaming. The scientists hypothesize similarities between the brains of ardent gamers and people addicted to chemical substances.
This project will help researchers better understand the genetics of insects spreading this dangerous disease. For instance, biologists got the opportunity to search for regions of mosquito genomes responsible for connection with the pathogen and for their feeding behavior. The authors of the project believe that in the future they will provide their colleagues with new tools to prevent the spread of malaria. The results of the project were published in GigaScience.
The conducted experiments may potentially be applied in creating capsules for targeted drug delivery. As the structure of melamine cyanurate is similar to that of DNA, a thorough study of its formation can bring researchers closer towards artificial DNA.
The labels can be used to mark various electronics, medicine, and jewelry. Their authenticity can only be checked with special equipment, thus providing additional protection against fake merchandise. The research is published in Advanced Materials.
This year, the Congress’s participants have the opportunity to get a position at the university from September 1, 2021. As of today, the contest involves two positions; there may be more in the future. Read more about the contest in this article by ITMO.NEWS.
The discovery of the quantum Hall effect once got its authors a Nobel prize. Previously, it has only been observed in very complex semiconductor structures with an external magnetic field. ITMO scientists and their colleagues predicted a photonic analog to the quantum Hall effect in a much simpler system – a chain of particles in a waveguide, which opens up new opportunities for creating quantum memory and quantum simulators.