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ITMO Researchers Create Model to Demonstrate What Happens During Microbiota Transplantation Genome-Wise
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been successfully used in treating metabolic and intestinal diseases. Even though the procedure shows high effectiveness, its mechanism remains unclear. To that end, scientists from ITMO University and the Federal Research and Clinical Center of Physical-Chemical Medicine (Russian Federal Medical Biological Agency) carried out an extensive study on post-FMT patients, during which they figured out how the intestinal microbiota changes under FMT and how its composition correlates with donor microbiota.
The method can be used to assess the probability of a specific gene or genes affecting various processes in an organism, including the development of diseases. The article was published in BMC Bioinformatics.
Results of the research performed by a joint team of physicists from ITMO University, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", and the Australian National University, can be used to design highly efficient compact elements for microwave and optical devices, particularly elements for optical computers.
The device is universal, highly sensitive, cheaper than its analogs from popular brands – and easy to use as it is wireless. A paper describing the device has been published in Nature Communications.
Many may have seen bright pink light in some windows – it comes from special lamps that are used for providing sufficient lighting to house plants. Similar lamps are also used by farmers in greenhouses. Still, specialists in photophysiology argue that such lamps do not provide all the light that plants need. Scientists from ITMO in collaboration with their colleagues from Tomsk Polytechnic University came up with an idea to create light sources from ceramics with the addition of chrome: the light from such lamps offers not just red but also infrared (IR) light, which is expected to have a positive effect on plants’ growth. The research was completed as part of a Russian Science Foundation grant, and the results were published in Optical Materials.
The modern photonics industry is constantly working on making its devices more compact, be it computing systems or sensors and lidars. For this, it is necessary to make lasers, transistors and other elements smaller. A team of scientists led by ITMO researchers proposed a quick and affordable method to create optical chips right in a Petri dish. The research was published in ACS Nano.
A group of researchers from ITMO University has come up with the concept of a new drug against cancer: a nanorobot made of DNA fragments, which can potentially be used not only to destroy cancer cells but also to locate them in the body. The research is published in Chemistry – A European Journal.
ITMO and Moscow State University Scientists Announce an Open Call for a Joint Article Series for Frontiers in Chemistry
Several weeks ago, ITMO University hosted the international conference Mendeleev 150, which brought together chemistry researchers from all over the world. The event may be over, but the conference’s organizers are still continuing their work in the framework of the International Year of the Periodic Table, proclaimed open by the UN. To that end, ITMO’s Mikhail Kurushkin, chair of Mendeleev 150, and Lomonosov Moscow State University professor Evgeny Gudilin have announced a series of joint articles on the periodic table’s role in a number of scientific fields. The selected works will be published in a prestigious scientific journal Frontiers in Chemistry.
Publishing your results is a vital step in the research lifecycle, as it allows you to get your work seen by the scientific community, and exchange your ideas globally. But writing a scientific paper is not only about creativity, but also about good structure and following some key rules. If you don’t follow these rules, your article may end up being either boring or incomplete, which means that it won’t be cited. Jeffrey Robens, Springer Nature Journal development manager, conducted an open workshop at ITMO University, where he shared some advice on how to write a good scientific article.
An international research team has studied a new cell visualisation and drug delivery system based on nanoparticles coated with luminescent dye molecules. Scientists have found out that the particle material and the distance between the dye and the particle’s surface affect the intensity of the luminescent signal. It turned out that silicon nanoparticles coated with dye molecules are more efficient than similar particles made of gold. Thanks to their biocompatibility, silicon particles can be used for cell visualisation and drug delivery. The research was published in Scientific Reports.