Search by tag «Bioengineering» 9 results
Boston Dynamics’ Spot, bionic kangaroos and even ants – biomimetics allows us to replicate almost any living thing. But why do roboticists look to animals for inspiration, what do they do at ITMO, and how do you make a robot act “natural”? ITMO.NEWS investigates.
Biology and nanophotonics, bioinformatics and ecology, chemistry and instrumentation – what could all these fields have in common, you might ask. Despite all the differences, they make a perfect combo at ITMO’s Center for Chemical Engineering.
trillion dollars due to the pandemic. At the beginning of this global challenge, it was suggested that venture capital investments would plummet, but 2020 actually witnessed a record-breaking rise in investments into life sciences – the yearly volume amounted to $20 billion. The pandemic was definitely a stress test for health care and the global pharma industry. Progressive digitalization of medical services was an ongoing process for many years, but it was in the first month of the pandemic that the share of online medical consultations went from 10% to 40% of the total amount. For the first time in history, researchers dared to create a vaccine against a new virus in under a year with over 200 projects launched, including some international collaborations. All of this led to new trends and changes in life science that Anton Gopka, a general partner of the ATEM Capital biotechnology investment foundation and dean of ITMO’s Faculty of Technological Management and Innovations, discussed in a recent open lecture on New Holland Island.
Such particles can potentially be used for targeted drug delivery.
This year’s winners told ITMO.NEWS how to get into conferences at Google and Intel while still being in school, win an international robotics competition, release your own game on Steam and make it a top seller, and also how to solve issues relating to the environment, children’s sleep, and expensive prostheses.
Researchers from the International Scientific and Research Institute of Bioengineering are the first to obtain nanofiber based on hyaluronic acid with introduced curcumin and usnic acid, natural biologically active substances. Such nanofibers can be used to create wound dressings for treatment of melanomas, burns, and ulcers.
Scientists from ITMO University’s School of Biotechnology and Cryogenic Systems actively focus on making everyday foods better, safer and more accessible. By replacing just one ingredient in a bread formulation, the researchers managed to make this product more resistant to microorganisms that cause it to spoil. Now, they are experimenting with replacing the same ingredient in beer. If this goes well, the drink will be less strong and will acquire probiotic properties. ITMO.NEWS contacted the scientists to find out how beer’s properties depend on yeast, and also how bread can fall victim to rope spoilage.
Using nanoparticles for medical purposes is a promising method which remains sought-after for over 10 years. One of the most important breakthroughs in this field is optical heating of nanoparticles fixed on tumor cells. Using this method one can damage diseased cells with localized heating. To control the temperature without damaging living tissues researchers use golden particles. However, the current control methods are complicated and take lots of time. ITMO Master’s student Georgy Zograf tries to solve this problem using silicon nanoparticles. He became the first author of article devoted to the results of this study, which was published in Nano Letters.
At ITMO's Bioengineering Center, scientists develop nanomodified polymer implants that are 100% compatible with the human organism, dissolve within several years, and even have antibacterial properties. Thanks to this technology, it might well become possible to restore limb functions even after loss of whole parts of the skeleton, which is impossible in the current state of technology. The research's results were presented by Igor Denisuk, one of the project's leaders and professor of the Department of IT in the Fuel and Energy Industry. Maya Uspenskaya, the department head, is also among the project's heads.