Search by tag «Nature Communications» 11 results

  • Physicists From ITMO Generate Single Photons For Secure Information Encryption

    Researchers at ITMO University have studied the formation of single-photon emitters, which are key components of quantum communication and computation devices. With these, it will be possible to encrypt data in a way that would make it impossible to intercept. The study was described in an article published in Nature Communications.


  • Evolution Responsible? ITMO Researchers Identify Evolutionary Adaptations Connected To Autoimmune Diseases and Allergies

    Every year, the number of diagnosed autoimmune diseases grows by 3-9%. These conditions are greatly influenced by genetic factors, however these still remain to be studies on the molecular level. Researchers from ITMO and their Estonian collaborators used bioinformatics to analyze the human genome, bringing the field one step closer to mapping the molecular changes in the genome that have an effect on autoimmune diseases and allergies. In the future, this will pave the way for novel, more efficient treatment for these conditions. This resulting article was published in Nature Communications.


  • ITMO Scientists Suggest Way to Control Optical Properties of Novel 2D Materials in Low Temperatures

    We live in a world of portable blood glucose monitors, smart clothes, tiny sensors, and nanometer chips. All of that is not the limit, especially with the appearance of 2D materials based on dichalcogenides of transition metals. However, these materials are still hardly applicable in low temperatures. Read on to discover how researchers from ITMO have suggested this problem could be solved.


  • Topological Polariton-Based Structure: Scientists Get One Step Closer to Next-Gen Optoelectronic Devices

    Researchers from ITMO University, the University of Sheffield, and the City College of New York have proposed a metasurface with unique topological properties. The proposed system is based on a photonic topological insulator integrated with a two-dimensional semiconductor and stimulates polaritons – quasiparticles that combine the properties of topological photons and excitons. The discovery opens the door to more efficient light control and hence advanced transmission and processing of optical information. The related article is published in Nature Communications.


  • Scientists Develop Compact Nanolaser with Unique Properties

    A team of researchers from the ITMO University’s School of Physics and Engineering, the Nonlinear Physics Center at the Australian National University (ANU), and Korea University has developed a compact nanolaser based on a photonic crystal waveguide with super-high efficiency. The device is a photonic structure and is notable for its small size compared to its counterparts. An article about this device was published in Nature Communications.


  • ITMO Researchers Create MRI Antennas That Allow For Better MRI Scans

    Thanks to this invention, MRI scanners used in research can become more powerful, improving the quality of acquired images without risks for the patient’s health. ITMO scientists developed the device together with their colleagues at the M-Cube international project. The research is published in Nature Communications. 


  • Russian Scientists Suggest Device to Make Breast MRI More Effective

    The device is universal, highly sensitive, cheaper than its analogs from popular brands – and easy to use as it is wireless. A paper describing the device has been published in Nature Communications.   


  • Scientists from ITMO University Describe and Emulate New Quantum State of Entangled Photons

    A research team from ITMO University, with the help of their colleagues from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Politecnico di Torino, has predicted a novel type of topological quantum state of two photons and proved their predictions experimentally. The method developed by the researchers relies on the analogy: instead of expensive experiments with quantum structures of two or more entangled photons, they have used resonant electric circuits that can be described by similar equations. The obtained results can be useful for the creation of optical chips and quantum computers without the need for expensive experiments. The research was supported by grants from the Russian Science Foundation and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The research was published in Nature Communications.


  • Konstantin Zaytsev, One of Top-5 Young Russian Scientists in Systems Biology, on Systems Biology in Russia

    A member of ITMO’s Computer Technologies International Laboratory, Konstantin Zaytsev has recently become the winner of Skoltech Fellowship Program 2019 and entered the top-5 of young Russian scientists in systems biology. The award ceremony took place yesterday in Moscow. In the recent years, the researcher has been focusing on the development of methods for analyzing data on gene activity that allows to identify transcription markers of cell types in mixed samples. In an interview with ITMO.NEWS, Konstantin spoke about his work and his research published in Nature Communications, as well as becoming a successful systems biologist and why it’s possible to achieve that in today’s Russia.


  • New Method for Analyzing Genes Activity Helps Predict Cancer Patients Survival

    An international team of researchers from ITMO University and the University of Washington in St. Louis has developed a new method for determining cell types in tissue samples. The scientists identified typical signs of genes activity in different cell types and, using this as a basis, made a model capable of recognizing different cell types in mixed samples. As this approach works for all tissues, it can be used to, for example, establish how the ratio of different cell types is associated with the survival of patients with different types of cancer. The results are published in Nature Communications.