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Can cells measure the amount of oxygen around them? And why do they need it? How do they react to the changing conditions? This evasive mechanism of an animal cell had been in the dark for a very long time. It was the work of William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza that finally shed light on this mechanism, earning them the 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology. Ekaterina Umnyakova, a senior researcher at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, explained what this discovery means for modern science, and especially for cancer treatment research. Her lecture took place at the Lermontov Central Library within the framework of the “Nobel Prize in the Open Living Room 2019” project.
The 118th Nobel Week, which recently drew to a close in Stockholm, was marked by awards to outstanding scientists, inventors and those who work in the fields of art and politics. As per the tradition, the candidates were chosen by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee. Read on to learn about the laureates in Physics, Chemistry and Medicine.
March 8 is the day when women’s organizations around the world celebrate women’s rights and achievements. According to the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, though women constitute just about 30% of scientists (about 40% in Russia), their role can hardly be overestimated. In this article, we write about women who made remarkable scientific discoveries and launched important projects in 2018.
Zhores Alferov, a Soviet and Russian physicist and a Nobel Laureate, died aged 88 in St. Petersburg on March 2. He was one of the four Russian scientists who’ve won the Nobel Prize since 1991. He was awarded the prize in 2000 for the development of semiconductor heterostructures for high-speed optoelectronics. In this article, we look back on Zhores Alferov’s legacy and his contribution to science and society.
The Innovative Economics Week at ITMO University came to a close with an open lecture and discussion featuring Michael Sohlman, the ex-Executive Director of the Nobel Foundation (1992-2011), a member of the Stockholm Institute of Transition Economies, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Mr. Sohlman expressed his thoughts on what he considers the key traits for anyone aspiring to become a Nobel Laureate, and shared some curious facts about the Nobel Prize.
This year’s Nobel Prize in Economics went to US scientists William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer for integrating climate change and technological innovations, respectively, into long-run macroeconomic analysis. Elena Budrina, head of the Bachelor’s degree program “Technological Innovations Management” at ITMO University, spoke with ITMO.NEWS about the American scientists’ achievement and how the University is taking on global economic trends.
This year, Valery Chernov enrolled at ITMO’s Department of Computer Science and Control Systems in an experimental program with unique educational tracks. This December, he was the only Russian representative at the Stockholm International Youth Science Seminar (SIYSS), which coincides with the Nobel Prize festivities and is held annually since 1976. During the event, participants presented their research, attended lectures by Nobel Prize laureates, discussed the relevant issues and even danced with some of the world’s brightest minds.
Last week, the gravitational wave observatory LIGO detected the waves resulting from a merger of a pair of black holes approximately one billion light years away from Earth. Two years ago, the first such discovery caused major excitement in the scientific community. Today, such events seem mundane. Yet, this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded to the scientists responsible for the LIGO project, shows that this research will remain highly relevant for quite some time. This year’s list of nominees also included those who are trying to explore the qualities of graphene. During an Open Day at ITMO’s Faculty of Physics and Engineering, scientists spoke about the impact that gravity waves and graphene have and will have on both science and everyday life.