Search by tag «Fundamental Science» 10 results

  • Teaching AI to Discover New Laws of Nature

    At ITMO, scientists have developed a digital tool called EPDE that can identify new laws of nature; it describes its findings using mathematical equations and even provides possible solutions. ITMO.NEWS talked to Alexander Khvatov, the head of the Laboratory for Composite AI, about the creation of the new tool, its successes, and possible new applications.


  • Molecular Building Blocks: Scientists Demonstrate Controlled Melamine Cyanurate Nucleation

    The conducted experiments may potentially be applied in creating capsules for targeted drug delivery. As the structure of melamine cyanurate is similar to that of DNA, a thorough study of its formation can bring researchers closer towards artificial DNA.


  • Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg on the Universe’s Expansion and Key Challenges of Modern Physics

    How does particle physics help us explore space? What great challenges are scientists still facing? And what are they going to do next? Steven Weinberg, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and science popularizer, addressed all these issues at the NAUKA 0+ Festival.


  • Scientists Manage to Capture Light in a Polymeric Quasicrystal

    In the future, the use of quasicrystals may open up new possibilities for laser and sensor design. This paper was published in the Advanced Optical Materials journal.


  • ITMO Graduate Wins National Theses Competition

    Vadim Rybin, a Bachelor's graduate of the Faculty of Photonics and Optical Information, won the national competition of theses called Be First in the Physics and Astronomy category. Now, Vadim is pursuing a Master’s degree. He discussed his thesis and scientific interests with ITMO.NEWS, and also told us how he created the “It’s a trap” student club, whose members are engaged in the study of ion traps.


  • ITMO University Professor Joins Nanomaterials as Special Issue's Guest Editor

    Today, physicists, chemists, and materials scientists around the globe seem to have immersed themselves in the world of nanostructures, which promises us materials for unique lasers, remarkably efficient solar cells, quantum computers, and high-resolution monitors. But how efficiently can modern physics explain all the processes taking place in the nanoworld? Do theoretical and experimental physicists have enough reliable and simple tools to solve fundamental problems concerning nanomaterials? These questions are the subject of the special issue of the international peer-reviewed journal Nanomaterials". Its guest editor is Anatoly Fedorov, the head of the International Research and Education Center for Physics of Nanostructures and a professor at ITMO University.


  • ITMO University’s UniFEL Center Staff to Conduct New Research at European XFEL

    European XFEL is a research facility housing the world’s most powerful X-ray free-electron laser, which allows scientists to observe chemical reactions, decipher the structure of complex biological objects, and solve other topical tasks. In 2018, ITMO University scientists for the first time gained full independent access to the facility’s equipment and carried out research on a new class of materials. This fall, they will use the facility to work with the ultrafast demagnetization effect to consequently apply it in high-speed magnetic storage devices.


  • MSU Student on Working in Different Laboratories and Doing Internship at ITMO

    Alexander Chezhegov, a third-year student at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, took part in the “I am a Professional” competition and the “It’s Your Call!” Winter School that was held at ITMO University last winter. His project focused on creating a hydrophobic coating for solar cells. In July 2018, he did an internship at ITMO’s International Research Center of Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, where he studied hybrid states of light in low-dimensional quantum materials. In his interview with ITMO.NEWS, he shared his experience of working in different research groups.


  • Science Slam: Dark Matter and Liquid Batteries for Electric Vehicles

    Can we use electric current to check the freshness of foods? What is dark matter? And how do we make a "liquid battery" for electric vehicles? To learn more, read our article about the recent Science Slam in St. Petersburg. This time school students could also take part in the competition. Based on audience votes, the jury chose two winners who were awarded with the main prize: boxing gloves.


  • A Taste for Science: Why the State Is Eager To Finance Universities' Fundamental Research?

    According to representatives of St. Petersburg's leading universities, the Ministry of Education and Science has started to issue governmental orders with regard to the university's interests in fundamental research. This is by no way accidental, as each real result implies years of theoretical work. As of now, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University and ITMO University have acquired governmental support for 32 promising projects. ITMO University got funding as part of governmental orders on R&D in the field of photonics, chemistry and cyberphysics — 101 million rubles total. What is more, eight of the university's projects were financed as the base part of the governmental order, which means that the university can distribute them independently.