Search by tag «ACS Nano» 9 results
A team of researchers from ITMO, Chelyabinsk State University, and Southern Federal University have suggested a new minimally invasive and safe method for the cleaning of urethral catheters. The new approach involves soft magnetic robots that are nearly 100% effective at removing bacteria-containing biofilm from medical devices. Controlled remotely by a magnetic field, the robots will help prevent the spread of infections, reducing the need for frequent catheter replacement, which is a painful procedure. The new method was described in an article published in ACS Nano.
The new device includes a structure of single-atom semiconductors and an ultracompact nanoresonator. The switching is conducted with light, via changes in the exciton states in each of the two semiconductor layers. Thanks to its ultracompact size (10 nanometers long and 1.5 nanometers thick), the device can be placed on a chip for use as a logic element in computers for optical information processing. The results of this study, conducted in collaboration with Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH, South Korea), are described in an article published in ACS Nano.
Researchers from ITMO and North Ossetian State University have suggested a brand-new cheap and highly sensitive method of detecting hazardous hydrogen halides that are toxic for humans. The new perovskite nanolaser-based method is able to detect dangerous concentrations of various substances that can vary in the range of 5-500 molecules per a million of air molecules. Their suggestion may provide the basis for highly sensitive compact gas leak detectors for the food and chemical industries.
Researchers from ITMO’s ChemBio Cluster and University of Toronto discovered a nonlinear dependence of photoluminescence of carbon dots on the composition of a water and dimethyl sulfoxide solvent. The color of the same dot sample changes depending on the polarity of solvent it is placed in. Thanks to this discovery, the researchers were able to develop a portable wide-range (from -68°C to +19°C) temperature indicator, which can be used to control the storage conditions of chemical, pharmaceutical, and food products.
Scientists from ITMO University, Saint Petersburg Academic University, and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich) have created a flexible and transparent membrane which makes infrared beams visible to the human eye. It can be used to make visualizers needed at optical laboratories and production facilities. Their work was published in ACS Nano journal.
The modern photonics industry is constantly working on making its devices more compact, be it computing systems or sensors and lidars. For this, it is necessary to make lasers, transistors and other elements smaller. A team of scientists led by ITMO researchers proposed a quick and affordable method to create optical chips right in a Petri dish. The research was published in ACS Nano.
An international team of researchers announced the development of the world’s most compact semiconductor laser that works in the visible range at room temperature. According to the authors of the research, the laser is a nanoparticle of only 310 nanometers in size (which is 3,000 times less than a millimeter) that can produce green coherent light at room temperature. The research article was published in ACS Nano.
Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles, also known as carbon dots, were first described in the early ‘00s. But even today, scientists around the globe still have not reached a consensus on their inner structure and emission process. Carbon dots have a great deal of potential applications due to their biocompatibility with the human body and the ease and low cost of their production as compared to semiconductor quantum dots. Researchers from ITMO University have published two research papers in which they put forth their answers to the burning questions about carbon dots.
An international research team has developed a new method of synthesizing miniature light sources. It is based on a special laser which produces millions of nanolasers from a perovskite film in a few minutes. Such lasers look like small disks, work at room temperature and have a tunable emission wavelength from 550 to 800 nm. The high speed and good reproducibility of this method make it promising for the industrial production of single nanolasers as well as whole chains. The study was published in ACS Nano.